The last Sunday of January is celebrated as the annual World Leprosy Day. All parts of the world are observing this day. Celebrate this day to raise awareness about leprosy. It also tries to spread the necessity and importance of eliminating this disease.
♦ According to the World Health Organization (WHO) regulations, the goal for this day in 2021 is to defeat leprosy by disseminating more information about the disease. This day will be celebrated to promote the knowledge that the disease can be cured.
♦ According to the report, 2,08,619 new leprosy cases were registered globally in 2018. The number comes from 159 countries. In India, this day will be observed on January 31, 2021.
♦ Leprosy is also called Hansen’s disease. It is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprosy. The disease is named after Norwegian doctor Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen.
♦ Hansen proved that leprosy is not a genetic disease, but is caused by bacteria. The disease is a curable disease and early treatment can prevent any disability. If left untreated, it may cause permanent damage to the skin, nerves, limbs and eyes.
♦ The incubation period of the disease is usually 5 years. The symptoms of the disease can be seen within 1 year, but it may also take 20 years or more to occur.
♦ When the affected person sneezes or coughs, the disease is spread from droplets in the nose or mouth.